Idea Exchange | Even if I get 70%…I can take CUET… this entire focus on high scores will go away: UGC chairman M Jagadesh Kumar


Sourav Roy Barman: One particular crucial criticism in opposition to the Frequent College Entrance Exam (CUET) for central universities is that you are generating board examinations irrelevant in a nation exactly where so substantially awareness is presented to it… You say the CUET draws from the identical syllabus. That argument was also supplied in the scenario of JEE but we have seen how the coaching field has mushroomed.
Very first of all, we will need to see what is the goal of instruction. Is it to get substantial scores of 99 for each cent or is it to develop into a very well-rounded person and a very good learner? For as well long, we have unnecessarily pushed our young children to reach significant scores relatively than inspire them to be great learners. If the student gets admission in a leading university of his or her choice, what would he/she like to be? The university student has to carry on to be a excellent learner. And if you want to be a good learner in your college or university, you ought to have been a superior learner even in your university. So, if I neglect my board examinations, just mainly because I have to focus on my entrance examination, then that is going to defeat the very goal of my total education. As mothers and fathers and educators, it is incredibly critical for us to emphasise that your principal goal is to be superior learners, to come to be a well-rounded human becoming. Your objective is not scoring higher percentages. I think we need to have to push this into the minds of both moms and dads and pupils.

Why would Class XII board exams turn into redundant? The universities will however use these marks as a qualifying mark for admission. For illustration, some universities may perhaps set this benchmark at 60% of Class XII success. Some universities may established 70% as the qualifying mark or to be eligible to use for admission in a college. So, as soon as you have crossed 65 or 70%, whichever be the threshold set by the college, you really don’t have to be stressed to get 98%. Even if you get 70%, if that is the qualifying mark, then your genuine admission will count on the CUET score. The Class XII schooling will not turn into redundant.

Will it lead to a substantial coaching industry schooling our students for CUET? Search at the IIT, for case in point. The full IIT technique has about 16,000 seats and practically a million college students contend for them. But if you look at the 45 central universities — get, for example, Delhi College alone — it has 70,000 seats. And if you glance at all the central universities, there will be a few of lakhs of seats in the undergraduate programmes. And the identical just one million college students are competing for these seats. So, it’s a kind of 1:5 as in comparison to 1:50 or 1:60 type of opposition. Hence, my belief is that CUET won’t gasoline any coaching business.

Ritika Chopra: How and why was the decision taken to not accord any weightage to the board marks?
The 5 pillars on which the NEP is crafted are accessibility, fairness, high quality, affordability and accountability. For us, accessibility and equity to substantial-high quality training is of key relevance. If you look at pupils from rural backgrounds or remote spots, they don’t have access to superior-excellent community education and learning. I come from a village and I know the ecosystem there has a lot of disturbance and the pupils may well not be able to emphasis on their reports. As a final result, they may perhaps not get 98 or 99%. But they are truly proficient people today. With the introduction of CUET, devoid of the slice-throat level of competition to get 98-99%, we are offering a degree-taking part in floor for pupils who come from various economic backgrounds and are geographically dispersed across the state.

The other purpose is that we have witnessed non-uniformity in awarding marks for the Course XII throughout boards. For pupils of some boards, where by evaluation is genuinely tough, even finding 80 for each cent is tricky, while in some others, it is effortless to get even 95 for every cent. So, this range leads to a lot of inconvenience to college students and is not a amount-taking part in floor.

P Vaidyanathan Iyer: Numerous condition boards really don’t automatically stick to the NCERT syllabus. How complicated will it be for them to take CUET? Will it lead to an IIT variety of process in which pupils in rural regions, studying for board tests, will now have to take coaching for NCERT?
The NCERT syllabus is extensively acknowledged across the state. We’re informed that there are some discrepancies among the state syllabus and the NCERT. Now, I’m confident when our experts established the dilemma papers, some of these difficulties will be taken into account. These examinations are not going to be like the IIT exams, which are meant to be among the toughest in the entire world. I’m confident our specialists will average the trouble degree. And the concerns will be confined to the Class XII NCERT syllabus on your own, not some state-of-the-art edition. So, no matter if you are coming from a rural or urban qualifications, it should not make significantly change.

Some folks have also stated, small children from rural track record are not a lot familiar with a laptop or computer-based mostly check. I arrive from a village and I interact with kids there. They are really sensible. Those people who are stating that they can not use computers, do not have the floor actuality in the villages. In a pc-based check, all you want to use is the mouse. On the display screen, you pick from the a number of-alternative inquiries, function out the alternatives on a piece of paper and pick employing a mouse. That’s likely to be an straightforward task. The CUET will be carried out in 13 languages: English and 12 Indian languages. So, if a scholar has analyzed in the nearby language or in their mother tongue, they can opt to produce this exam in their mother tongue. NTA (Nationwide Screening Company) will acquire specific steps to assure that exam centres are obtainable to the pupils. Our aim is to see that a large number of students, who are not automatically from the city spots but from rural regions, acquire the CUET exam.

Sourav Roy Barman: The increased education and learning sector is also grappling with other significant troubles: vacant instructing posts, inflammation enrollment and much too couple of fantastic faculties and universities. How are you likely to address these?
1 of the solutions advised in the NEP is the introduction of digital engineering in larger instruction. If you carry on to assemble physical campuses, at this charge, we will not be capable to meet the wants of the millions of learners who will be coming into greater instruction. So, what the UGC has completed is to aim on presenting on line training to the college students who could not sign up for a actual physical college. There are two items that we are performing — 1 is the establishment of a electronic university. We are also amending the latest on the internet rules.

Sourav Roy Barman: What just is a digital college? As a university student, can I apply for a digital college? Will it have a identify? Can I pursue undergraduate or postgraduate levels from that electronic college?
It is out there on the portal. This portal will present you with details on all varieties of undergraduate programmes that are readily available. You will have technological experts who will supply the finest of the courses that are obtainable from academic institutes within the region and also from abroad. The IITs and the finest central universities, which are going to offer some of these courses, will be the spokes of this digital college. The edtech providers will deliver the technological assist for conducting the on-line assessments for supplying the students information and facts on vocation progress, career advancement, and also bringing the employers encounter to confront with the learners so that a matchmaking transpires. Our intention is that in the following 6 to 8 months, we ought to have a total image of this electronic university. And our target is that by the tutorial session of 2023, the digital university ought to be in position to give the classes.

Aakash Joshi: Throughout the pandemic, there was a massive increase in on the net discovering. But campus daily life performs a enormous job, also. Is digital the only way you see that long run becoming addressed? Or is there heading to be a legitimate outdated-fashioned infrastructure growth as well?
One particular is the social aspect. You are indicating that if I do not go to a bodily college, I overlook out on assembly my very own friends and establishing networking. That is accurate.

But consider the other aspect. I occur from a village. At the age of 10, I still left my family members to go to a nearby city to live absent with my mother and father and study. From there, I went to a town. I stayed absent from my parents for long. Now visualize if I did not have to go out of my village, and if I could obtain this on the web training, I would have stayed with my mothers and fathers. Socially, I would have bonded significantly additional with my personal put, with my individual men and women. Thus, it is a question of, from which aspect you see, is it half total, or half vacant?

The other component is that the target will be extra on on line training, to the extent that we will neglect bodily education and learning. Remember to remember that on the web schooling can’t be given in all disciplines. In many disciplines, you will need a lab, you want real experiential learning. I’m certain if I do an on the web MBBS diploma, you will not occur to me, ideal? So, there are going to be a lot of other disciplines for which we want to proceed to acquire the physical infrastructure. But even there, digital know-how will engage in a considerably bigger purpose. Bodily universities will carry on to be crafted. But there are rising regions like data science, knowledge analytics, fiscal administration, and fintech. These are spots in which a large variety of employment are going to be created. And if you don’t have physical infrastructure to prepare our aspirational youth, and if you are simply ready for a long time for them to be built, what will come about to their long term? This is exactly where electronic technologies, the digital university will perform a main function.

Vandita Mishra: In the film, The Kashmir Documents, the motion is set in a college which is a thinly veiled caricature of JNU. In the motion picture, it is the place for very villainous, anti-nationwide teachers and students. You have been the Vice-Chancellor of JNU, and you are also now heading the UGC. Does it fret you that a premier college should really be demonised like that?
Did everyone from JNU item to this? Did anybody who could possibly have considered that those people people are essentially representing me, item? I have not noticed anyone objecting to that. So permit us leave it there. You are expressing that this film targets JNU, but in JNU alone, these individuals who are seemingly represented in this film have no difficulty with that. Allow people today view it and then make sense of what ever they want to make of it.

Unni Rajen Shanker: A classroom in Delhi College can acquire 100 pupils for just one subject matter but they are compelled to take 300, from time to time 350. CUET doesn’t handle that…
The competitiveness for admission in some of the finest larger academic establishments will continue on to be there. Globally, do not we see people today aspiring to get admission into some of the perfectly-acknowledged universities? But with the introduction of CUET, even if I get, let’s say, only 70%, I never have to consider that it is the close of my lifestyle, my occupation. I even now have an option to attempt CUET and verify out if I can get admission. So, this entire concentration on having only significant scores will now go absent.

Raj Kamal Jha: Seeking back again to your days as V-C, what was your understanding from JNU?
At JNU, we train our college students to query the status quo, which is incredibly vital. If we can make that sort of openness in the classroom, and in the academic institute, college students will turn into fearless in asking queries and it will direct to creative imagination and innovation. One particular of the unlucky items in Indian society is that we glimpse at failures with repugnance. But what we require to emphasise in our classroom is that failing is a pure phenomenon and that each failure can truly be utilised as a lesson to boost your self more.

And this is what comes about in JNU. We do not search at failures as a little something negative. In reality, not like in lots of other universities, we have a process regarded as the zero semester process. If a scholar feels they do not want to analyze the next semester since they have a wellbeing trouble or something else, in any other college, most likely, he will be out of the system.

But in JNU, we have designed a facility for the students to choose off and appear again to review. In JNU, the education is really inexpensive the tuition payment in JNU is just `300 for every annum and this has enabled a good deal of students from economically weaker sections to analyze at JNU. By the time they go out of JNU, they are a absolutely remodeled bunch. Only the sort of ecosystem that JNU has can develop this transformation.

Ritika Chopra: For the duration of your time as JNU V-C, one particular of the fiercest college student protests was above the fact that you have been striving to raise hostel fees. Students felt you were hoping to alter the very character of JNU. How would you react to that?
I imagine there was some misunderstanding. It was not increasing the hostel expenses, it was about shelling out the establishment rates these types of as electric power and water fees. So, you only fork out for what you consume. There was an expanding energy invoice load on the college. But obtaining stated that, we also gave major concessions to the students from decreased-financial backgrounds. By charging only evenly to the reserved-group learners and weaker sections, and by charging the common students who are anyway getting scholarship, our calculation was that we could offset some of the expenditure and use that expend for strengthening our lab amenities, our investigate services. But in the end, we withdrew individuals and then ongoing with whatever the present expenses ended up.

Sukrita Baruah: You have launched FYUP (4-year undergraduate programme)…Is there anything in the operates about providing further assets to institutes to be in a position to accommodate all these students?
Infrastructure will carry on to be a obstacle and we are not able to make it overnight. Can we also appear at the possibility of the best possible utilisation of our present sources? I believe successfully utilizing our present infrastructure also desires to be looked into, whilst we continuously try out to grow the infrastructure. Expansion and introduction of new programmes will stretch the current capabilities of the universities. But that’s how we will need to go ahead. You just can’t hold out right until all the buildings occur up and get started only then, that will be far too late.

Harikishan Sharma: The unemployment fee across the towns in the place is all around 23% for the youth, in the age group of 18 to 29 years. Does this pose a problem to you, how do you aspect this in your programs?
If you request experts, what are the big worries that human societies are struggling with nowadays, they will recognize a few. A person is growing inequality. The other is the failing economic techniques. And the third just one is deteriorating natural environment. So, the increase in unemployment, possibly, is a fallout of the failing economic programs. And growing inequality is a further important concern. So, as an educator, my obstacle will be how to empower my college students to obtain ideal abilities, so that they match the needs of the career sector, which is expanding.

Shashank Bhargava: You stated CUET will be set in a way that the problem level is average. But is there a fret this will also lead to superior slice-offs centered on those CUET scores?
This is a a number of-selection-dilemma-based test and it will also have adverse marking. There will be a particular weightage for accurate marks and sure weightage for wrong responses and so on. Hence, we be expecting that there will be enough granularity in buy to distinguish students…these are all issues we internally focus on and will introduce actions to overcome any issues that may possibly pop up.

Sourav Roy Barman: What was your most challenging time at JNU and your largest achievement?
My obstacle was to make absolutely sure that the investigation amenities are expanded in the college. When I joined, there was no R&D mobile in the university, we recognized a person. Quite a few people today never recognize the great importance of integrating social sciences with mainstream science and technological innovation training. Our School of Engineering is special in the full nation, in which our engineering college students also have the prospect to do a master’s degree in social sciences, languages, humanities, and in other areas.

I will often stand by all the learners and teachers. They have each appropriate to protest. Having said that, you may perhaps have a right to protest but other individuals have a proper to have out their tutorial programmes and research. As long as you do not disturb them, do not do just about anything illegal, it is properly all appropriate for you to go on with your protest.


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